The aim of this paper was to explore the interrelation of the module library and the solution space by using a user innovation toolkit in the context of shopping center design. This preliminary exploration suggests that in order to ensure that users communicate their own individual needs, both the solution space and the module library should be opened up.
In this paper, we use time use data to model the direct and indirect energy use of households. From this, we present a decomposition analysis of the changes in the embedded and direct energy consumption of Finnish households from 1987 to 2009. We examine the relevant questions that arise from our analysis and suggest that time use approaches require a more explicit theorization of time.
Science and technology studies (STS) have revealed a wide variety of different “configurations” of renewable energy technologies and the elements of social organization involved in their deployment. In this article we review current academic literature complemented with up to date documents to reveal existing socio-technical configurations of renewable micro-generation technologies.