The aim of this paper was to explore the interrelation of the module library and the solution space by using a user innovation toolkit in the context of shopping center design. This preliminary exploration suggests that in order to ensure that users communicate their own individual needs, both the solution space and the module library should be opened up.
In this paper, we use time use data to model the direct and indirect energy use of households. From this, we present a decomposition analysis of the changes in the embedded and direct energy consumption of Finnish households from 1987 to 2009. We examine the relevant questions that arise from our analysis and suggest that time use approaches require a more explicit theorization of time.
Science and technology studies (STS) have revealed a wide variety of different “configurations” of renewable energy technologies and the elements of social organization involved in their deployment. In this article we review current academic literature complemented with up to date documents to reveal existing socio-technical configurations of renewable micro-generation technologies.
Codesign, UX, Human centred design, and open innovation are proliferating rapidly. Finding a suited approach is hard as there is a method jungle out there. The problem is not finding just any approach, but sorting out which approach might suit you.
Users invent new products and product categories, but the assumption has been that manufacturers will supplant users if their innovation is of value to many. The current paper examines Russian all terrain vehicles “karakats” to discuss a case of an era of extended user dominated technology and the related dynamics of dispersed peer-innovation.
Network searches are increasingly popular in searching for rare lead users. In these searches, implicit and inexact referrals have been found to comprise a substantial number of network referrals. To aid handling such referrals during network searches, we explicate their status as intermediate referral types, and how these referral types relate to known search methods.
The purpose of this paper is to argue that equating “user” with flesh and blood “people out there” is naïve. Not only that, it closes important options in conducting human-centered design.
Two recent papers are presented: Collaborative futuring with and by makers, What difference does a living lab make? Comparing two health technology innovation projects